donderdag 8 mei 2014

I need a PAL or a PASS

There are two IAM concepts that I really like:

  • Identity 2.0, where I can login to a service provider using an identity that was provided to me by an identity provider, who proofs that it is really me.
  • Attribute Based Access Control (link to the NIST ABAC standard): you get authorizations not based on your identity, but on your capabilities that some authority feels you have.

The first development makes it possible to separate responsibilities for objects on the internet. A service provider only needs to take care of services and data, an Identity Provider (IdP) only has to take care of digital identities and authenticating it's users. A service provider only needs to trust the digital identities provided by an Identity Provider, and that creates an enormous scalability of web services.

Attribute Based Access Control enables the authorizing of persons as requested by a process owner or data owner. This owner has to define the quality requirements for executing tasks within a process of towards a data element. The process owner or data owner doesn't need to have any knowledge about the identities or roles or groups that are defined within an organization. But this is a new concept and a very tough responsibility: these owners never before had to think about these requirements. Nevertheless, this is an exciting concept: someone doesn't get permissions because of his function or role within an organization, but because of his capabilities. And these capabilities are called 'attributes' of the identity.

The interesting thought is that an identity provider also provides some attributes. Such as address, phone number, gender, date of birth, expiration date and a lot of other variables. The IdP concept of ABAC is implemented in the SAML message format, where the term Claim component is used as the attribute component.

One of these attributes could well be the Role of an identity. An internal identity provider in an organization may well know the function type or role of an employee, who gets a business identity. In such a case an attribute can be used to allow Role Based Access Control capabilities to the access control mechanism.

But... what if a process owner requires an attribute outside of the scope of the identity provider? Where does the extra attribute come from? In the ABAC concepts attributes are bound to identities, that means that in order for an employee to prove that he has the extra required attribute, he in fact needs to provide another identity that does contain the required attribute. But... in all reality, that's just not feasible. What might be possible is that the identity provider forwards the attributes provided to an identity on behalf of another identity provider. For instance: an internal IdP could add attributes, like results from a course that the user attended. But that creates new trust issues (did the user follow the course successfully, is the attribute really provided by the school, in what context can the attribute be used and some more).

I am not aware of any implementation. And perhaps we should not want such an implementation and we should think of another way.

As a user I would not like this hassle of using different identities or of 'IdP-in-the-Middle' constructs. I want a convenient place to store my attributes, some kind of a wallet. Not a wallet with different identities (although I really loved the Information Cardmetaphor promoted by Kim Cameron), but a wallet with different attributes. And the attributes within this store could be used with any of my identities that I want to use for a specific purpose.

I need a PAL, a Personal Attribute Locker, or a PASS, a Personal Attribute Storage System (I'm great with acronyms :) ). Identity Providers could post digital identities and/or attributes to my locker and I could mix and match whatever combinations of identities and attributes I would want to use. Provided that the context and scope of identity and attribute is a valid combination, but we'll have to think about this in another post. What would the implication be? Suppose I am an employee who needs access to the CRM system. But in order to execute some CRM task, I would have to provide an attribute that I am an experienced blog poster. This attribute cannot be provided by the company I work for, but it can be provided by Google because of this blog. Google could post this attribute to my PAL and I could use this 'external' attribute with my company Identity to execute the CRM task.

What do you think? Is this a feasible idea?

In a future post I will expand on this idea, because recently I found out about an interesting standard that could perhaps be used as the mechanism that I want...
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